Hello. Today’s lesson is on the topic of cricket, the sport of cricket, that could be a terribly English sport. I am making an attempt to find out English.” So, it’s helpful to you for the vocabulary; the words connected with cricket.
You may realize it helpful, for instance, to watch a match on to and hear the comment, and see if you’ll follow it if you acknowledge a number of these words showing. it has always at a quite a commentary is quite fast, therefore it is a smart take a look at for you to envision if you’ll follow it and listen to all the particular words.
And excluding the vocabulary itself and having some observation at listening, if you hear a piece, a number of the cricket terms are utilized in idioms and metaphors in existence, even by those who do not very know they’re connected with cricket. So, we’ll be staring at those later in the lesson.
Within the second part of the lesson, we’ll be looking at eleven idioms/metaphors connected with cricket, therefore this could all be useful to you in your increasing your English vocabulary. So, here we go. So, let’s have a glance. So, it is a terribly English sport historically it’s English. There is an image of a bat, and the ball, there.
So, basically, like with heaps of sports, you have a “team” of players – the members of the cricket team square measure known as “players”, and each team has eleven players. Okay? And there is a “captain” who’s the person in charge of the team; the captain. Okay.
The place where the sport is competing is called a “cricket ground”, therefore it is a huge open area with grass; and, of course, area for people to sit and watch. within the middle of the large open area could be a smaller area known as the “pitch”, that could be a long, slim piece, like that, piece of grass; long, narrow piece of grass known as the “pitch”.
And this is often wherever folks got to run backward and forwards on the pitch generally. I will make a case for that in an exceedingly minute. There is the pitch, and at each end of the pitch are some things known as a “wicket”. I believe I higher draw a wicket likewise. That is a wicket. So, the wicket is created of 3 sticks that move into the ground; they are wood – they are known as “stumps”.
So, 3 stumps move into the bottom. And two 2 very little items of wood sit on prime – those are known as “bails” on prime. Bails fall off, that baseball player is finished; he cannot continue taking part in and someone has to return and replace him. So, that is a part of the sport. So, at the top of each place, you have the wicket. Okay.
So, then you’ve got the “bat”, that the “batsman “uses, that is created of wood from a willow; willow, therefore it’s quite arduous. There is a “ball” that is roofed in red leather, traditionally. Okay. There square measure 2 “batsmen”; one at every finish of the pitch.
There is a “bowler” United Nations agency belongs the other team, United Nations agency throws the ball like this, bowls the ball at the baseball player, and also the baseball player has to hit the ball. So, it is a little like yank baseball that style of plan, but not the small print square measure completely different. Okay.
“Bowler” and you will even have “fielders”- these square measure folks additionally from a similar team because the bowler United Nations agency square measure standing around the field. Some square measure about to the pitch, some square measure further away, however, they are all waiting to envision.
What happens once the baseball player hits the ball because they got to run afterward ball and acquire it back as quickly as potential. If they do not get the ball back, the 2 batsmen can run backward and forwards on the pitch, rating points, that square measure known as “runs”. So, they need to do to prevent them from scoring too several points, in order that they get the ball back as quickly as potential. Okay.
So, the “pavilion” is that the style of building at the sting of the… of the cricket ground wherever the cricket players move into and come out of. Once they are able to play, they are available out of the marquee. When… once perhaps they have been knocked out, they go back to the marquee, so that’s… the marquee is kind of necessary.
So, once the batsmen square measure batting, they are “in”, therefore is known as associate “winnings”. So, the length of your time they will keep in associated score points or runs is named “winnings”. And so if they are a style of knocked out, then they go… they will have scored sixty… sixty runs which was their winnings. Okay.
If they are “out”, if they create a miscalculation, if the wicket is hit by the ball or different ways that of obtaining them out, then they are out they’re finished they need to travel back to the marquee. Okay? They will be “caught out”. If they hit the ball and it goes up into there, and one in every one of the fielders catches the ball before it hits the bottom, then they’ve been caught out.
If the ball hits the bottom 1st, then they’re still okay. However if they catch the ball and it hasn’t yet hit the bottom, they need been caught out. Okay. There is additionally an issue referred to as “LBW”, that stands for “leg before wicket”.
I do not totally perceive that rule, however, sometimes some batsmen will be out as a result of they’ve placed their leg ahead of the wicket once they shouldn’t have, thus that is another issue you may hear being mentioned. Okay.
So, then there is an issue referred to as Associate in Nursing “over”? This is often once the bowler throws six balls. So, you’ve got to possess six balls bowled to count as Associate in Nursing over, thus everything’s shared into sections like that, thus that is Associate in Nursing “over”. A “run” is once either the batsmen run from one finish of the pitch to the opposite, or once they’ve hit the ball.
They will score four runs if they hit the ball, and it goes right to the tip of the sphere and over a boundary while not anybody being able to catch it. If it rolls over the boundary, they’ve scored four runs. They will score six runs. If they are doing that and also the ball goes up into the air and it does not bit the bottom before it reaches the boundary.
If it goes typically goes into the group of spectators it may hit someone, however, if it stays up within the air then they’ve hit a six. Okay? So, they are simply the style of continuance up runs that approach, or really virtually running up and down the pitch. Okay, which the points that they are earning, the runs area unit referred to as the “score”.
Frequently somewhere within the cricket ground at the facet somewhere, wherever everybody will see, maybe a “scoreboard” a giant board with lots of numbers on. This is often a little version of aboard. a number of them area unit electronic and that they have a heap a lot of data on them, however, they show what number runs are scored up to that point within the game.
What number wickets, that means what number wickets are lost and batsmen are out as a result of it; what number overs – which means what number bowling’s times six the bowler has done. So, you’ve got to multiply fifteen by half a dozen to figure out. How again and again has the bowler bowled the ball?
1st winnings if there is been a previous inning, and you’ll have over one winning, thus a team might need clocked up 328 runs in a 1st innings, however, currently, this is often most likely into the second winnings and there are some more runs being scored. Okay. So, that is that. So, I discussed the “crowd, the “spectators” the individuals looking at.
Also, sometimes Cricket is that a reasonably game that you can’t play if it’s descending. It is not like soccer and rugby football wherever you can play within the rain or the snow typically. If it’s descending you’ve got to prevent with cricket, so they have this phrase. “Rain stopped play” if there is been a match occurring and then within the middle of the afternoon they stop, and that they say: “Rain stopped play”.
They’d to prevent as a result of the weather. Or typically they decide that the sunshine isn’t good enough. If it’s totally cloudy and gray if the sky is grey, they do not have enough lightweight to check what they are doing to a tolerable degree to hit the ball, thus typically “bad lightweight stopped play”. I believe that is probably quite a controversial issue as a result of typically individuals think.
“We may have carried on, then. It wasn’t such a giant drawback. We have a tendency to may have carried on enjoying.” however the authority individuals in authority decided “No, we’ll stop now.” So, nobody agrees on once to prevent. So, okay, there is a unit uncountable cricket groundsill over the United Kingdom.
London has 2 a minimum of, however, 2 known ones are the “Oval” in South London and “Lord’s Cricket Ground” in Northwest London, and those are wherever the large style of international match’s area unit contends, also as county matches. So, simply to clarify “county” the United Kingdom is divided up into counties, and every county has its own cricket team.
So, “Yorkshire” may be a county, “Surrey” is county “Kent”, “Somerset” – their area unit uncountable counties, and that they all have a cricket team. And also, there are unit national teams; England is a national cricket team. And so as a result of style of historical reasons.
When you know, the shape of geographic region, cricket became widespread in former empire countries, former colonies that area unit currently typically still a part of the Commonwealth, however, there is no empire anymore.
However, they still play cricket. So, the archipelago, Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and infrequently that area unit referred to as the “test match”
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